Articles on conversion rate optimization

When Session-Based Metrics Lie

Per Session Metrics In AB Testing

In online A/B testing it is not uncommon to see session-based metrics being used as the primary performance indicator. Session-based conversion rates and session-based averages (like average revenue per session, in likeness to ARPU) are often reported by default in software by prominent vendors, including Google Optimize and Google Analytics. This widespread availability makes session-based […] Read more…

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Top Misconceptions About Scientific Rigor in A/B Testing

Have you ever thought that statistically rigorous A/B tests are impractical? Or do you have trouble selling the need for rigor in testing to your clients, coworkers, or boss? This article debunks the top five myths about the necessity and difficulties of applying scientific method in online A/B testing. Read more…

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The A/B Testing Guide to Surviving on a Deserted Island

AB Testing Survival Guide Desert Island

The secluded and isolated deserted island setting has been used as the stage for many hypothetical explanations in economics and philosophy with the scarcity of things that can be developed as resources being a central feature. Scarcity and the need to keep risk low while aiming to improve one’s situation is what make it a […] Read more…

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The Google Optimize Statistical Engine and Approach

Frequentist vs Bayesian A/B testing - Google Optimize

Updated Sep 17, 2018: Minor spelling and language corrections, updates related to role of randomization and external validity / generalizability. Google Optimize is the latest attempt from Google to deliver an A/B testing product. Previously we had “Google Website Optimizer”, then we had “Content Experiments” within Google Analytics, and now we have the latest iteration: […] Read more…

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Costs and Benefits of A/B Testing: A Comprehensive Guide

Costs and Benefits in AB Testing

This is a comprehensive guide to the different types of costs and benefits, risks and rewards related to A/B testing. Understanding them in detail should be valuable to A/B testers and businesses considering whether to engage in A/B testing or not, what to A/B test and what not to test, etc. As far as I […] Read more…

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Efficient AB Testing with the AGILE Statistical Method

AGILE AB Testing

Don’t we all want to run tests as quickly as possible, reaching results as conclusive and as certain as possible? Don’t we all want to minimize the number of users we send to an inferior variant and to implement a variant with positive lift as quickly as possible? Don’t we all want to get rid of […] Read more…

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Improving ROI in A/B Testing: the AGILE AB Testing Approach

After many months of statistical research and development we are happy to announce two major releases that we believe have the potential to reshape statistical practice in the area of A/B testing by substantially increasing the accuracy, efficiency and ultimately return on investment of all kinds of A/B testing efforts in online marketing: a free white […] Read more…

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The Bane of AB Testing: Reaching Statistical Significance

Illusory Results AB Testing

Now, this is not a new topic on this blog. I’ve discussed the issue of optional stopping based on “achieving” or “reaching” statistical significance in my Why Every Internet Marketer Should be a Statistician post more than two years ago and others have touched on it as well – both before and after me. However, the issue […] Read more…

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Bayesian AB Testing is Not Immune to Optional Stopping Issues

Fantasy vs real world in bayesian ab testing

Fantasy vs the Real World: Naive Bayesian AB Testing vs Proper Statistical Inference This post is addressed at a certain camp of proponents and practitioners of A/B testing based on Bayesian statistical methods, who claim that outcome-based optional stopping, often called data peeking or data-driven stopping, has no effect on the statistics and thus inferences […] Read more…

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